Historical Series - International Journal of Domiciliary Midwifery

Citations for the 

Friend Carol Knight, MD, CPM
(homebirth physician & midwife)
and faith gibson, Licensed Community Midwife


Citation Key -- Historical and Contemporary References

Contributions of Midwives of Antiquity to the Art and Science of Modern Medicine

Comments by Physicians about Midwives and Midwifery - 1911- 1932

Clinical Material -- the major motive for the Elimination of Midwives by Medical Politicians

Controversies and resistance by doctors to the Formal Training of Midwives

Deadly Trio -- Misogyny, Midwifery & the "Morale" of Medical Doctors

*Derogatory Statement about Midwives by the Medical Establishment 1881 - 1925

Domiciliary Maternity Care -- early 1900s -- also called "Outdoor Services"
hospital and medical school affiliated, superior safety stats to "in house" services

Economic Issues -- Arguments by Physicians against Independent Midwives

Historical Methods of Accountability for Midwives by Health Department Official VS. Mandatory Supervision of Midwives by Doctors

The Use of the Law and Licensing* to Pursue an Anti-Midwife Agenda

Nursing, Midwifery and the Medical Profession 1911 through 1922

Tension and Controversies Surrounding Physician Education and its relationship with the establishment of Training Schools for Midwives

*Propaganda Campaign against Midwives -- the Department of Dirty Tricks

Professional Aspirations and the Irrational Rationales of Medical Men

*Statistical Comparison of Birth Attendants (Physician and Midwife) and the Validation of the Midwifery Model of Care

Please write to me
Faith Gibson at


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last updated 07/02/04 04:04 PM